A serum formulated to deliver vitamin C at its highest potency to fight free radicals and minimize the appearance of fine lines and deep wrinkles, while visibly reducing the look of age spots and discoloration.
Not all vitamin C serums are created equal. Vitamin C is sensitive to oxygen and water. Our serum contains no water and the vitamin C is shielded from oxygen by a barrier of silicone gel.
As an added benefit, the silicone gel provides emolliency, a superior tack-free velvety skin feel, and conceals fine lines immediately after application.
- Non-greasy and tack free
- Fragrance free
- Preservative free
- Easily absorbed
- For all skin types
- Ascorbic Acid: The most active form of vitamin C.
- Dimethicone Crosspolymer-3: A slick ingredient with superior emollient properties and the power to conceal fine lines.
- Tocopheryl Acetate: A stable form of vitamin E.
- Bisabolol: Naturally found in the bark of the Brazilian Candeia tree, it is also the primary constituent of German chamomile. Known to have anti-irritant and soothing properties.
Cyclomethicone, Ascorbic Acid, Dimethicone Crosspolymer-3, Tocopheryl Acetate, Bisabolol.
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) intervenes in essential body functions by acting as an enzyme cofactor and antioxidant, and it plays a part in the synthesis of essential components. Effectiveness of topical application of vitamin C is supported by a large body of scientific evidence. However, the use of vitamin C in commercial products presents some challenges. Vitamin C is highly unstable when mixed with water and exposed to oxygen.
Moreover, the degradation of vitamin C generates compounds that may have detrimental effects on skin. To delay degradation, many vitamin C products in the market are formulated with low pH (highly acidic), which can cause severe irritation in some people, or with vitamin C derivatives that are more stable but much less effective than L-ascorbic acid.
To overcome fast degradation, a different approach used in this product is to suspend fine particles of L-ascorbic acid in a silicone gel that provides a water-free and oxygen-free environment. This protects the vitamin C not only in the package but also when applied to the skin. As an added benefit, the silicone gel provides emolliency and conceals fine wrinkles immediately after application.
Claims of this product are supported by the following research:
Heber GK, Markovic B, Hayes A. 2006. An immunohistological study of anhydrous topical ascorbic acid compositions on ex vivo human skin. J Cosmet Dermatol. 5(2):150-6.
Farris PK. 2005. Topical vitamin C: a useful agent for treating photoaging and other dermatologic conditions. Dermatol Surg. (7 Pt 2):814-7; discussion 818.
Stamford NP. 2012. Stability, transdermal penetration, and cutaneous effects of ascorbic acid and its derivatives. J Cosmet Dermatol. 11(4):310-7.
Burke KE. 2007. Interaction of vitamins C and E as better cosmeceuticals. Dermatol Ther. (5):314-21.
Fitzpatrick RE, Rostan EF. 2002. Double-blind, half-face study comparing topical vitamin C and vehicle for rejuvenation of photodamage. Dermatol Surg. (3):231-6.
Eberlein-König B, Ring J. 2005. Relevance of vitamins C and E in cutaneous photoprotection. J Cosmet Dermatol. (1):4-9.
Aguilera J, de Gálvez MV, Sánchez C, Herrera-Ceballos E. 2012. Changes in photoinduced cutaneous erythema with topical application of a combination of vitamins C and E before and after UV exposure. J Dermatol Sci. (3):216-20.
Farris PK. 2005. Topical vitamin C: a useful agent for treating photoaging and other dermatologic conditions. Dermatol Surg. 31(7, pt 2):814-818.
Campos PM, Gonçalves GM, Gaspar LR. 2008. In vitro antioxidant activity and in vivo efficacy of topical formulations containing vitamin C and its derivatives studied by non-invasive methods. Skin Res Technol.14(3):376-380.
Burgess C. 2008.Topical vitamins. J Drugs Dermatol. 7(7)(suppl):s2-s6. 6.
Devasagayam TP, Kamat JP, Mohan H, Kesavan PC. 1996. Caffeine as an antioxidant: inhibition of lipid peroxidation induced by reactive oxygen species. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1282(1):63-70.
Koo SW, Hirakawa S, Fujii S, Kawasumi M, Nghiem P. 2007. Protection from photodamage by topical application of caffeine after ultraviolet irradiation. British J or Dermatol. 156(5):957-964
Lu Y-P, Lou Y-R, Xie JG, Peng Q-Y, Zhou S, Lin Y, Shih WJ, and Conney AH. 2006. Caffeine and caffeine sodium benzoate have a sunscreen effect, enhance UVB-induced apoptosis, and inhibit UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in SKH-1 mice. Carcinogenesis 28(1):199-206.
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